How the leather is slowly killing people and places where factory

27 | 02 | 2017
How the leather is slowly killing people and places where factory

Although we have advanced as a society in new technologies, we still use animal fur accessories in the creation of accessories. The modern leather industry in addition to animal suffering , is killing the environment & nbsp; and also the people who work there, as they are exposed to toxic mixtures of chemicals. The leading manufacturing industries are China and India, industries that have very low hand labor rates, their workers come from the poorer nations of Southeast Asia, later this material is distributed in the Western markets.

Leather Processing

The leather that is marketed in Chile comes from the cruel death of cows, horses, goats, pigs and sheep. In other countries the leather of dogs and cats is also sold. & Nbsp; Leather undergoes various processes to mummify the skin and stabilize the material so that it does not rot. The process for doing so involves first scraping the skin to clean it from flesh, grease and hairs. & Nbsp; Depending on the attributes and end uses of the leather, the methods to be & nbsp; will be different. Chrome-tanned leather is the most popular and one of the most harmful. It consists of subjecting the skin to chromium salts, to produce a flexible product.

Leather is killing the environment

& nbsp; The tanning industry poses many dangers both to the environment and to those working within it. The primary environmental threat involves the dumping of solid and liquid wastes containing chrome and other hazardous compounds. This is common in countries without strong environmental protection standards such as China, India and Bangladesh. Even in fully modernized and carefully managed installations, it is almost impossible to recover all the contaminants generated by the leather process. As a general rule, the one tonne skin process results in 20 to 80 cubic meters of wastewater with chromium concentrations around 250 mg / L and sulphide concentrations of approximately 500 mg / L, not to mention effluent from offal Of the preparation phase and pesticides are often added. 70% of untreated skin is discarded as a solid waste: hair, fat, meat, tendon, everything goes straight into the trash.

Wastewater pollution is mainly a by-product of the initial preparation stage, in which pieces of meat, hair, mold and other animal by-products are mixed in washing water and discarded. Minimal doses of chromium are needed by many plants and animals to regulate metabolic functions. However, in large doses, such as when chrome debris is discharged into regional water systems, it can damage fish gills, induce respiratory problems, infections, infertility, and birth defects. It can also instigate a series of serious cancers in animals along the food chain.

It's also killing your workers

Work within the tannery itself is fraught with danger, often the protection of workers is inadequate or non-existent. The most dangerous part of tanneries is the handling of chromium. In humans, chromium causes ailments depending on how it is absorbed. When inhaled, chromium acts as a lung and carcinogenic irritant, which affects the upper respiratory tract, clogs the airways, and increases the chances of developing lung or nasal cancer.

Unfortunately, in the absence of binding UN arbitration or a massive international boycott against chromium-treated leather, there does not appear to be much momentum for these practices to cease. As long as the First World continues to pay this type of hazardous work to impoverished and easily exploited developing countries, the desire to use leather will only carry a burden of suffering .

SOURCE: & nbsp; http://gizmodo.com/

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